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Uterine Fibroids: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths. They are usually made from smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissues. Studies say that 70-80% of women will develop the condition at least once in their lifetime. These tend to appear in the uterus during the reproductive years. They are called myomas and leiomyomas in medical terms. What causes uterus fibroids are unknown. But they can bring about severe side effects like constipation, low back pain, bowel dysfunction, urinary retention and dyspareunia.

The good news is that proper appropriate therapy can reduce the discomfort. A skilled team of experts from the top gynaecology hospital will offer the best plan to eliminate abnormal growths and help you live a healthy life. Below is a detailed guide on uterine fibroids to seek quick medical intervention and make an informed choice.

Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids

These are common ‘benign neoplasms.’ They range from the size of a seedling to huge bulky masses. It is crucial to know the symptoms to avoid delays in treatment. Otherwise, fibroids might distort the uterus leading to pregnancy complications.

  • Difficulty in emptying the bladder
  • Backache, pain in the abdomen or leg pain
  • Severe constipation for a prolonged period
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Chronic vaginal discharge
  • A feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen
  • Bleeding between your periods

Painful intercourse, anaemia, fatigue and nerve blockage are other fibroids symptoms. Do talk to an experienced gynaecologist to start creating a treatment plan at the earliest.

Diagnosis of Uterine Fibroids

These can be detected during a physical exam to check the uterus, ovaries and vagina. But you need a few scans to confirm the condition for treatment. Take a look.

  • MRI: This is an imaging test that takes a detailed photo of your internal organs with the help of radio waves and magnets.
  • Ultrasound: This solely uses sound waves to snap pictures of the ovaries and uterus. Doctors will either perform a transabdominal or a transvaginal procedure.
  • Hysteroscopy: A thin scope with fitted light and camera is inserted into the uterus. It helps to see the uterus and the adjacent areas for uterine fibroids.
  • CT Scan: X-ray images create a detailed picture of the organs. This is usually done from various angles to ensure a successful diagnosis and treatment.

Treatment Options for Uterine Fibroids

Doctors can initially recommend an observation first since the growths shrink with time. The treatment will depend on the number, size and location of the fibroids. Fertility goals and age are also kept in mind. Below are a few common ways to manage the condition.

  • Birth Control: Oral contraceptives, intravaginal contraception and injections can help with heavy bleeding between and during periods. This will also prevent a pregnancy from developing inside the fallopian tubes instead of the uterus.
  • Over-The-Counter-Medications: These usually target the hormones that regulate your menstrual cycle and ease issues like pelvic pressure. The main ones are GnRH, IUD and Tranexamic acid.
  • Radiofrequency Ablation: The energy destroys uterine fibroids and shrinks the blood vessels that grow them. It is a minimally invasive process but can effectively destroy the fibroid and the related tissue.

There are no preventive methods for uterus fibroids. The best thing to do is maintain a healthy lifestyle with a rich diet, consuming supplements, proper sleep and plenty of exercise.

Fathiyya Al Shaikh

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Fathiyya Al Shaikh

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