Among the various forms of birth control in India, tubectomy has become quite a prevalent one. This surgical method of permanent contraception focuses on preventing the sperm from reaching the egg to fertilise it. This is done through blocking, clamping, sealing or severing the fallopian tubes. The best gynecologist in Bangalore uses laparoscopic surgery to perform tubal litigation.
There are two fallopian tubes in a woman’s body, each leading from an ovary to the uterus. When the egg is released by the ovary, it travels through the fallopian tube to reach the uterus. The sperm too travels through the vaginal canal and cervix to reach the uterus, So, this is where fertilized takes place. This results in an embryo, which then gets embedded in the uterus and leads to pregnancy.
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In tubectomy, the fallopian tubes are blocked, via clamping, severing, etc., to prevent the eggs from entering the uterus. This then prevents all future pregnancies.
After the procedure, you will still have your periods and can have sex normally. In women, with tubes cut, the egg is released and absorbed by the abdominal cavity, menstruation however, occurs from the endometrial cavity which is not affected by tubal blockage at all.
The Procedure of Getting Your Tubes Tied
As mentioned earlier, tubectomy is a surgical procedure that involves cutting the fallopian tubes and clipping or tying them together to prevent the egg from passing into the uterus.
For this, the surgeon will first make a few incisions around the umbilicus and introduce a laparoscope into one of the incisions on to the skin in the operative region. This laparoscope has a small camera attached to the tip, which relays images to a monitor, enabling the surgeon to view internal structures. By using special equipment, they plug the tube by slicing segments or seal them using clips.
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The entire process takes about 30 minutes. If everything goes well, you might even be able to go home the very same day.
Post Operative Care
Usually after tubal ligation, the patient is not required to stay at the hospital overnight. However, in some cases, there might be side-effects, such as nausea and pain, for the first 8 hours, along with drowsiness, fatigue, cramps and discomfort for a few days.
You need to remember that you will need frequent check-ups until complete recovery. You will be asked to avoid strenuous exercise and activities and avoid sexual intercourse for about a week, and continue on pain killers to be relieved of any discomfort.
In case you have high fever, itching on the incisions, bleeding or fainting and drowsiness with high fever, you should consult the doctor immediately.
Tubectomy is a procedure that can be reversible in some cases. Make sure to speak openly with your gynecologist and your family before making the final decision. Also, make sure you visit the best hospital because if not done properly, you might get pregnant in future.
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